Acute Stress Impairs Self-Control in Goal-Directed Choice by Altering Multiple Functional Connections within the Brain’s Decision Circuits

Description: Important decisions are often made under stressful circumstances thatmight compromise self-regulatory behavior. Yet the neural mechanisms by which stress influences self-control choices are unclear. We investigated these mechanisms in human participants who faced self-control dilemmas over food reward while undergoing fMRI following stress. We found that stress increased the influence of immediately rewarding taste attributes on choice and reduced self-control. This choice pattern was accompanied by increased functional connectivity between ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and amygdala and striatal regions encoding tastiness. Furthermore, stress was associated with reduced connectivity between the vmPFC and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex regions linked to selfcontrol success. Notably, alterations in connectivity pathways could be dissociated by their differential relationships with cortisol and perceived stress. Our results indicate that stress may compromise self-control decisions by both enhancing the impact of immediately rewarding attributes and reducing the efficacy of regions promoting behaviors that are consistent with long-term goals. This collection contains second level correlations of stress induced differences in the influence of taste based decisions on vStr,Amyg and vmPFC and their connectivity. Key words: food choice, decision making, self-regulation

Communities: nutritional

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Add DateDec. 12, 2017, 2:45 p.m.
Uploaded bysilvia.maier
Related article DOI10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.005
Related article authorsSilvia U. Maier, Aidan B. Makwana and Todd A. Hare
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