Description: Deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) enabled a major leap in image processing tasks including brain imaging analysis. In this work we utilized CNNs for predicting individual’s chronological age based on their T1 MRI. Whereas CNNs provide high predictive power, it is often difficult to identify the features that underlie a given prediction. Discovering which brain structures, contribute most to the prediction of a given model have significant theoretical and translational value. Previous work examined methods to attribute pixel/voxel-wise contribution to the prediction in a single image, resulting in ‘explanation maps’ (EM) that were found noisy and unreliable. Here, we developed a novel inference framework for combining these maps across subjects, thus creating a population-based rather than subject specific maps. We apply this method on a CNNs ensemble trained on predicting subjects’ chronological age from raw anatomical T1 brain images of 10,176 healthy subjects, obtained from various open-source datasets.Communities: developmental
Related article: http://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25011
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